Villa near to the sea, it is a place full of history as well as being a refuge for Barbara Blomberg, mother Don Juan of Austria
Located in the eastern region of Cantabria, Colindres is a crossroads between the coast and the Asón Valley; and also in history, because Barbara Blomberg resided there in 1582.
Colindres has long earned a place in history. Its name still raises controversy about its origin – well Celtic for some, well pre-Roman for others – but not that of that town, which is located in the Mesolithic era, between 9,500 and 5,500 BC, as witnessed by the remains found in the cavities of Peralada I and II.
Colindres is divided into two neighborhoods: Colindres «the top» or historic neighborhood, and Colindres «the bottom» or modern neighborhood. The first, in turn, is divided into the neighborhoods of Puerta, Santolaja, San Juan, San Roque and Peralada, which form the Historic District of the Villa. Meanwhile, Colindres de Abajo occupies land of unconsolidated deposits of beaches, dunes, river floods, silts, estuary sands and clays of karst depressions. Between the two zones is the neighborhood Viar, on a hill of about 30m. of elevation.
Colindres is already registered in the year 1085, because documentary references about the place appear in the document that refers to the «council of the good men of the city»; Colonization document on the monastery of San Jorge and San Juan in the district of Arriba during medieval times.
Subsequently, the development of the villa throughout the Middle and Modern Age is favored by its strategic location as it is a place of passage in the access to the plateau through the port of Los Tornos; and also for the transfer of goods and products from nearby ports and inland Castile.
Thus, in summary, the economic activity generated by both the development of the tidal mills and the shipbuilding becomes important, coinciding with its status as «Council of Realengo». The abandonment of the shipyards at the end of the seventeenth century, together with the decline in activity in the ports, resulted in an economic and social crisis that remained during the eighteenth and first half of the nineteenth century. And it would not be until the end of that century and the beginning of the twentieth century when Colindres experienced significant growth in all aspects. Development by an entrepreneurial bourgeoisie, formed by the arrival of «Indians» from overseas colonies, as well as the emergence of new technologies and industrial procedures that generate the emergence of a modern canning industry in the town.
Talking about Colindres is also to talk about Barbara Blomberg, the mother of Don Juan of Austria, bastard son of Emperor Charles V, and of which we offer you more information here. One more incentive to visit this Cantabrian village. Or not?